In computing the taxable income of the individual, the following deductions under section-80C, 80CCC, 80CCD , 80CCE of the Act are to be allowed from his gross total income:
A. As per section 80C, an employee will be entitled to deductions for the whole of amounts paid or deposited in the current financial year in the following schemes, subject to a limit of Rs.1,00,000/-:
- Payment of insurance premium to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the life of the individual, the spouse or any child of the individual.
- It may be clarified that the amount of premium or other payment made on an insurance policy [other than a contract for deferred annuity mentioned in sub-para (2)] shall be eligible for deduction only to the extent of 20 percent of the actual capital sum assured.
- In calculating any such actual capital sum, the following shall not be taken into account: the value of any premiums agreed to be returned, or
- any benefit by way of bonus or otherwise over and above the sum actually assured which may be received under the policy.
- (a) by an individual to any Provident Fund to which the Provident Fund Act, 1925 applies;
- (b) to any provident fund set up by the Central Government, and notified by it in this behalf in the Official Gazette, where such contribution is to an account standing in the name of an individual, or spouse or children ;[The Central Government has since notified Public Provident Fund vide Notification S.O. No. 1559(E) dated 3.11.05.
- (c) by an employee to a Recognized Provident Fund;
- (d) by an employee to an approved superannuation fund;It may be noted that "contribution" to any Fund shall not include any sums in repayment of loan;
- (a) public sector companies engaged in providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India for residential purposes, or,
- (b) any authority constituted in India by, or, under any law, enacted either for the purpose of dealing with and satisfying the need for housing accommodation or for the purpose of planning, development or improvement of cities, towns and villages, or for both.[The Central Government has since notified the Public Deposit Scheme of HUDCO vide Notification S.O. No.37(E), dated 11.01.2007, for the purposes of Section 80C(2)(xvi)(a)].
- where such payments are made towards or by way of any instalment or part payment of the amount due under any self-financing or other scheme of any Development Authority, Housing Board etc.The deduction will also be allowable in respect of re-payment of loans borrowed by an assessee from the Government, or any bank or Life Insurance Corporation, or National Housing Bank, or certain other categories of institutions engaged in the business of providing long term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India. Any repayment of loan borrowed from the employer will also be covered, if the employer happens to be a public company, or a public sector company, or a university established by law, or a college affiliated to such university, or a local authority, or a cooperative society, or an authority, or a board, or a corporation, or any other body established under a Central or State Act.
- The stamp duty, registration fee and other expenses incurred for the purpose of transfer shall also be covered.
- Payment towards the cost of house property, however, will not include, admission fee or cost of share or initial deposit or the cost of any addition or alteration to, or, renovation or repair of the house property which is carried out after the issue of the completion certificate by competent authority, or after the occupation of the house by the assessee or after it has been let out.
- Payments towards any expenditure in respect of which the deduction is allowable under the provisions of section 24 of the Income-tax Act will also not be included in payments towards the cost of purchase or construction of a house property.
- Where the house property in respect of which deduction has been allowed under these provisions is transferred by the tax-payer at any time before the expiry of five years from the end of the financial year in which possession of such property is obtained by him or he receives back, by way of refund or otherwise, any sum specified in section 80C(2)(xviii), no deduction under these provisions shall be allowed in respect of such sums paid in such previous year in which the transfer is made and the aggregate amount of deductions of income so allowed in the earlier years shall be added to the total income of the assessee of such previous year and shall be liable to tax accordingly.
- Full-time education includes any educational course offered by any university, college, school or other educational institution to a student who is enrolled full-time for the said course.
- It is also clarified that full-time education includes play-school activities, pre-nursery and nursery classes.
- It is clarified that the amount allowable as tuition fees shall include any payment of fee to any university, college, school or other educational institution in India except the amount representing payment in the nature of development fees or donation or capitation fees or payment of similar nature.
B. As per section 80CCC, where an assessee being an individual has in the previous year paid or deposited any amount out of his income chargeable to tax to effect or keep in force a contract for any annuity plan of Life Insurance Corporation of India or any other insurer for receiving pension from the Fund referred to in clause (23AAB) of section 10, he shall, in accordance with, and subject to the provisions of this section, be allowed a deduction in the computation of his total income, of the whole of the amount paid or deposited (excluding interest or bonus accrued or credited to the assessee's account, if any) as does not exceed the amount of one lakh rupees in the previous year.
Where any amount paid or deposited by the assessee has been taken into account for the purposes of this section, a rebate/ deduction with reference to such amount shall not be allowed under section 88 up to assessment year 2005-06 and under section 80C from assessment year 2006-07 onwards.
C. As per the provisions of section 80CCD, where an assessee, being an individual employed by the Central Government on or after the 1st day of January, 2004, has in the previous year paid or deposited any amount in his account under a pension scheme as notified vide Notification No. F.N. 5/7/2003- ECB&PR dated 22.12.2003, he shall be allowed a deduction in the computation of his total income, of the whole of the amount so paid or deposited as does not exceed ten per cent of his salary in the previous year.
The benefit of new pension scheme has been extended to any other employees (also self employed person) w.r.e.f 1/04/09 and deduction is allowed to employees upto 10% of salary in the previous year and in other cases upto 10% of his gross total income in the previous year. Further it has been specified that w.r.e.f 1/04/09 any amount received by the assessee from the new pension scheme shall be deemed not to have received in the previous year if such amount is used for purchasing an annuity plan in the previous year.
It may be noted that the contribution made by the Central Government or any other employer, towards a pension scheme notified for section 80 CCD, shall be allowed as deduction in the computation of total income of the employee to the extent that it does not exceed ten percent of employee's salary. W.e.f. 01.04.2011 (FY 2011-12), the amount of deduction so allowed shall be outside the overall limit of Rs one lakh under section 80CCE of the Income Tax Act, 1961. It is therefore, clarified that contribution made by an employee alone will be eligible to deduction limit of upto Rs.one lakh. The contribution made by the Central Government or any other employee to a pension scheme u/s 80CCD(2) shall be excluded from the limit of one lakh rupees provided under Section 80CCE.
Where any amount standing to the credit of the assessee in his account under such pension scheme, in respect of which a deduction has been allowed as per the provisions discussed above, together with the amount accrued thereon, if any, is received by the assessee or his nominee, in whole or in part, in any financial year,—
(a) on account of closure or his opting out of such pension scheme; or
(b) as pension received from the annuity plan purchased or taken on such closure or opting out,
the whole of the amount referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) above shall be deemed to be the income of the assessee or his nominee, as the case may be, in the financial year in which such amount is received, and shall accordingly be charged to tax as income of that financial year.
For the purposes of deduction under section 80CCD, "salary" includes dearness allowance, if the terms of employment so provide, but excludes all other allowances and perquisites.
The aggregate amount of deduction under sections 80C, 80CCC and sub section (1) of Section 80CCD shall not exceed Rs.1,00,000/- (Section 80CCE)
D. A new section 80CCF has been inserted by the Finance Act, 2010, wef 01.04.2011. The section 80CCF provides for deduction available to an individual or a HUF, the whole of the amount, to the extent such amount does not exceed Rs 20,000, paid or deposited during financial year 2010-11, as subscription to long-term infrastructure bonds as notified by the Central Govt for the purpose of this section.(Board Notification no 48/2010 dated 09.09.2010)
Deduction under this section can not exceed Rs 20,000 and are available only for current financial year 2011-12. The deduction under this section will be in addition to overall limit of deduction of upto Rs one lakh under section 80C, 80CCC and sub section (1) of Section 80 CCD.